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Canada
Nickname(s) Team Canada French: (Équipe Canada)
Association Hockey Canada
Most games Brad Schlegel (304)
Top scorer Brad Schlegel
Most points Cliff Ronning (156)
IIHF code CAN
IIHF ranking 1 Increase3
Highest IIHF ranking 1 (first in 2003)
Lowest IIHF ranking 5 (first in 2012)
Team colors               
Canada national hockey team jerseys - 2014 Winter Olympics.png
First international
 Canada 8–1 Switzerland 
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
Biggest win
 Canada 47–0 Denmark 
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
Biggest defeat
 Soviet Union 11–1 Canada 
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
IIHF World Championships
Appearances 67 (first in 1920)
Best result Gold medal icon.png Gold (1920, 1924, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015)
Olympics
Appearances 21 (first in 1920)
Medals

Gold medal icon.png Gold: 9 (1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1948, 1952, 2002, 2010, 2014)
Silver medal icon.png Silver: 4 (1936, 1960, 1992, 1994)

Bronze medal icon.png Bronze: 2 (1956, 1968)
International record (W–L–T)
928–424–132

main

Medal record
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1920 Antwerp Team
Gold medal – first place 1924 Chamonix Team
Gold medal – first place 1928 St. Moritz Team
Gold medal – first place 1932 Lake Placid Team
Gold medal – first place 1948 St. Moritz Team
Gold medal – first place 1952 Oslo Team
Gold medal – first place 2002 Salt Lake City Team
Gold medal – first place 2010 Vancouver Team
Gold medal – first place 2014 Sochi Team
Silver medal – second place 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
Silver medal – second place 1960 Squaw Valley Team
Silver medal – second place 1992 Albertville Team
Silver medal – second place 1994 Lillehammer Team
Bronze medal – third place 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
Bronze medal – third place 1968 Grenoble Team
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1920 Antwerp Team
Gold medal – first place 1924 Chamonix Team
Gold medal – first place 1928 St. Moritz Team
Gold medal – first place 1930 Austria/France/Germany Team
Gold medal – first place 1931 Poland Team
Gold medal – first place 1932 Lake Placid Team
Gold medal – first place 1934 Italy Team
Gold medal – first place 1935 Switzerland Team
Gold medal – first place 1937 Great Britain Team
Gold medal – first place 1938 Czechoslovakia Team
Gold medal – first place 1939 Switzerland Team
Gold medal – first place 1948 St. Moritz Team
Gold medal – first place 1950 Great Britain Team
Gold medal – first place 1951 France Team
Gold medal – first place 1952 Oslo Team
Gold medal – first place 1955 West Germany Team
Gold medal – first place 1958 Norway Team
Gold medal – first place 1959 Czechoslovakia Team
Gold medal – first place 1961 Switzerland Team
Gold medal – first place 1994 Italy Team
Gold medal – first place 1997 Finland Team
Gold medal – first place 2003 Finland Team
Gold medal – first place 2004 Czech Republic Team
Gold medal – first place 2007 Russia Team
Gold medal – first place 2015 Czech Republic Team
Silver medal – second place 1933 Czechoslovakia Team
Silver medal – second place 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
Silver medal – second place 1949 Sweden Team
Silver medal – second place 1954 Sweden Team
Silver medal – second place 1960 Squaw Valley Team
Silver medal – second place 1962 United States Team
Silver medal – second place 1985 Czechoslovakia Team
Silver medal – second place 1989 Sweden Team
Silver medal – second place 1991 Finland Team
Silver medal – second place 1996 Austria Team
Silver medal – second place 2005 Austria Team
Silver medal – second place 2008 Canada Team
Silver medal – second place 2009 Switzerland Team
Bronze medal – third place 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
Bronze medal – third place 1966 Yugoslavia Team
Bronze medal – third place 1967 Austria Team
Bronze medal – third place 1978 Czechoslovakia Team
Bronze medal – third place 1982 Finland Team
Bronze medal – third place 1983 West Germany Team
Bronze medal – third place 1986 Soviet Union Team
Bronze medal – third place 1995 Sweden Team

The Canadian national men's ice hockey team (popularly known as Team Canada) is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia.[1] The nickname "Team Canada" was first used for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since.

Canada has been one of the leading national ice hockey teams in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most in the world), including three of the last four: Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are 25-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 World Cup of Hockey. Canada is a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Sweden and the United States.[2]

History[]

From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics.

Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 World Championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.

Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team programme was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the World Championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.

In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988.[3] Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.

After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2015. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games.[4] At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.

Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988 and the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled.[5] Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.

Led by general manager Jim Nill, head coach Todd McLellan, and the late addition of captain Sidney Crosby, Canada won the 2015 IIHF World Championship in dominating fashion over Russia, their first win at the worlds since 2007. By going undefeated, their hockey federation captured a 1 million Swiss franc bonus prize in the first year of its existence. Canada scored 66 goals in their 10 games and had the top three scorers of the tournament: Jason Spezza, Jordan Eberle and Taylor Hall. Tyler Seguin also led the championship with nine goals. The win secured Canada’s return to number one on the IIHF world rankings for the first time since 2010.[5]

List of teams representing Canada from 1912 to 1963[]

Event Team Hometown
1912 World Championships Oxford Canadians Oxford, United Kingdom
1920 Summer Olympics Winnipeg Falcons Winnipeg, Manitoba
1924 Winter Olympics Toronto Granites Toronto, Ontario
1928 Winter Olympics University of Toronto Grads Toronto, Ontario
1930 World Championships Toronto CCMs Toronto
1931 World Championships University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1932 Winter Olympics Winnipeg Hockey Club Winnipeg, Manitoba
1933 World Championships Toronto National Sea Fleas Toronto, Ontario
1934 World Championships Saskatoon Quakers Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
1935 World Championships Winnipeg Monarchs Winnipeg, Manitoba
1936 Winter Olympics Port Arthur Bearcats Port Arthur, Ontario
1937 World Championships Kimberley Dynamiters Kimberley, British Columbia
1938 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontario
1939 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia
World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.
1947 World Championships Did not participate
1948 Winter Olympics Ottawa RCAF Flyers RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario
1949 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontario
1950 World Championships Edmonton Mercurys Edmonton, Alberta
1951 World Championships Lethbridge Maple Leafs Lethbridge, Alberta
1952 Winter Olympics Edmonton Mercurys Edmonton, Alberta
1953 World Championships Did not participate
1954 World Championships East York Lyndhursts East York, Ontario
1955 World Championships Penticton Vees Penticton, British Columbia
1956 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen Kitchener–Waterloo, Ontario
1957 World Championships Did not participate
1958 World Championships Whitby Dunlops Whitby, Ontario
1959 World Championships Belleville McFarlands Belleville, Ontario
1960 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario
1961 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia
1962 World Championships Galt Terriers Galt, Ontario
1963 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia

Competition achievements[]

Olympic Games[]

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. They have won a total of 15 Olympic medals.[6]

Games Representative GP W L T GF GA Finish Ref.
1920 Antwerp Winnipeg Falcons 3 3 0 0 21 1 Gold medal icon.png [7]
1924 Chamonix Toronto Granites 5 5 0 0 110 3 Gold medal icon.png [8]
1928 St. Moritz University of Toronto Grads 3 3 0 0 38 0 Gold medal icon.png [9]
1932 Lake Placid Winnipeg Hockey Club 6 5 0 1 32 4 Gold medal icon.png [10]
1936 Garmisch-
Partenkirchen
Port Arthur Bearcats 8 7 1 0 54 7 Silver medal icon.png [11]
1948 St. Moritz Ottawa RCAF Flyers 8 7 0 1 69 5 Gold medal icon.png [12]
1952 Oslo Edmonton Mercurys 8 7 0 1 71 14 Gold medal icon.png [13]
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 8 6 2 0 53 12 Bronze medal icon.png [14]
1960 Squaw Valley Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 7 6 1 0 55 15 Silver medal icon.png [15]
1964 Innsbruck 7 5 2 0 32 17 4th [16]
1968 Grenoble 7 5 2 0 28 15 Bronze medal icon.png [17]
1980 Lake Placid 6 3 3 0 29 18 6th [18]
1984 Sarajevo 7 4 3 0 24 16 4th [19]
1988 Calgary 8 9 2 1 31 21 4th [20]
1992 Albertville 8 6 2 0 37 17 Silver medal icon.png [21]
1994 Lillehammer 8 5 2 1 27 19 Silver medal icon.png [22]
1998 Nagano 6 4 2 0 19 8 4th [23]
2002 Salt Lake City 6 4 1 1 22 14 Gold medal icon.png
2006 Turin 6 3 3 0 15 11 7th
2010 Vancouver 7 6 1 32 14 Gold medal icon.png [24]
2014 Sochi 6 6 0 17 3 Gold medal icon.png

World Championships[]

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.[6] The 1920 Olympics were the first world championship. IIHF World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.[6]

Year Location Result
1912 Brussels, Belgium Silver (Oxford Canadians)
1920 Antwerp, Belgium Gold
1924 Chamonix, France Gold
1928 St. Moritz, Switzerland Gold
1930 Chamonix, France; Berlin, Germany; Vienna, Austria Gold
1931 Krynica, Poland Gold
1932 Lake Placid, US Gold
1933 Prague, Czechoslovakia Silver
1934 Milan, Italy Gold
1935 Davos, Switzerland Gold
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany Silver
1937 London, Great Britain Gold
1938 Prague, Czechoslovakia Gold
1939 Zürich / Basel, Switzerland Gold
World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.
1948 St. Moritz, Switzerland Gold
1949 Stockholm, Sweden Silver
1950 London, Great Britain Gold
1951 Paris, France Gold
1952 Oslo, Norway Gold
1954 Stockholm, Sweden Silver
1955 Krefeld / Dortmund / Cologne, West Germany Gold
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy Bronze
1958 Oslo, Norway Gold
1959 Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia Gold
1960 Squaw Valley, US Silver
1961 Geneva / Lausanne, Switzerland Gold
1962 Colorado Springs / Denver, US Silver
1963 Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
1964 Innsbruck, Austria 4th place
1965 Tampere, Finland 4th place
1966 Ljubljana, Yugoslavia Bronze
1967 Vienna, Austria Bronze
1968 Grenoble, France Bronze
1969 Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970–1976.
1977 Vienna, Austria 4th place
1978 Prague, Czechoslovakia Bronze
1979 Moscow, Soviet Union 4th place
1981 Gothenburg / Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
1982 Helsinki / Tampere, Finland Bronze
1983 Düsseldorf / Dortmund / Munich, West Germany Bronze
1985 Prague, Czechoslovakia Silver
1986 Moscow, Soviet Union Bronze
1987 Vienna, Austria 4th place
1989 Stockholm / Södertälje, Sweden Silver
1990 Bern / Fribourg, Switzerland 4th place
1991 Turku / Helsinki / Tampere, Finland Silver
1992 Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia 8th place
1993 Dortmund / Munich, Germany 4th place
1994 Bolzano / Canazei / Milan, Italy Gold
1995 Stockholm / Gävle, Sweden Bronze
1996 Vienna, Austria Silver
1997 Helsinki / Turku / Tampere, Finland Gold
1998 Zürich / Basel, Switzerland 6th place
1999 Oslo / Lillehammer / Hamar, Norway 4th place
2000 Saint Petersburg, Russia 4th place
2001 Cologne / Hanover / Nuremberg, Germany 5th place
2002 Gothenburg / Karlstad / Jönköping, Sweden 6th place
2003 Helsinki / Tampere / Turku, Finland Gold
2004 Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic Gold
2005 Innsbruck / Vienna, Austria Silver
2006 Riga, Latvia 4th place
2007 Moscow / Mytishchi, Russia Gold
2008 Quebec City / Halifax, Canada Silver
2009 Bern / Kloten, Switzerland Silver
2010 Cologne / Mannheim / Gelsenkirchen, Germany 7th place
2011 Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia 5th place
2012 Helsinki, Finland / Stockholm, Sweden 5th place
2013 Stockholm, Sweden / Helsinki, Finland 5th place
2014 Minsk, Belarus 5th place
2015 Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic Gold

Summit Series[]

Canada Cup[]

  • 1976 – Champions
  • 1981 – Runners-up
  • 1984 – Champions
  • 1987 – Champions
  • 1991 – Champions

World Cup of Hockey[]

  • 1996 – Runners-up
  • 2004 – Champions

Spengler Cup[]

In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the American Hockey League. Team Canada has won a total of 13 Spengler Cups, which is the second-most behind host team HC Davos, who has the tournament 15 times.

Results Years
Winner 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015
Runners-up 1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010

References[]

  1. Hockey Canada
  2. "NHL announces World Cup of Hockey for 2016". The Canadian Press. 2015-01-24. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/hockey/nhl/nhl-announces-world-cup-of-hockey-for-2016-1.2930670/. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  3. Monsebraaten, Laurie. "Players in NHL are now eligible in the Olympics", Toronto Star, October 15, 1986. 
  4. "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics", BBC Sport, February 28, 2010. Retrieved on March 1, 2010. 
  5. "Canada wins first hockey worlds gold since 2007". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/olympics/hockey/story/_/id/12903940/canada-routs-defending-champ-russia-win-hockey-worlds. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
  7. Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
  8. Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
  9. Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
  10. Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
  11. Podnieks 1997, pp. 41–52
  12. Podnieks 1997, pp. 53–66
  13. Podnieks 1997, pp. 67–78
  14. Podnieks 1997, pp. 79–88
  15. Podnieks 1997, pp. 89–100
  16. Podnieks 1997, pp. 101–112
  17. Podnieks 1997, pp. 113–124
  18. Podnieks 1997, pp. 137–146
  19. Podnieks 1997, pp. 147–158
  20. Podnieks 1997, pp. 159–172
  21. Podnieks 1997, pp. 173–182
  22. Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
  23. Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
  24. Elliott, Helene. "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey", Los Angeles Times, February 28, 2010. Retrieved on March 1, 2010. 

External links[]


Men's National teams
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Flag of New Zealand.svg.png New Zealand - Flag of the Netherlands.svg.png The Netherlands - Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland - Flag of Romania.svg.png Romania - Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia - Flag of Serbia.svg.png Serbia
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Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden - Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland - Flag of Thailand.svg.png Thailand - Flag of Turkey.svg.png Turkey - Flag of Ukraine.svg.png Ukraine - Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg.png UAE
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States
Defunct teams: Flag of Bohemia svg.png Bohemia - Flag of Bohmen und Mahren svg.png - Bohemia and Moravia - Flag of the CIS svg.png CIS National Team - Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of East Germany.svg.png East Germany -

Flag of Serbia and Montenegro svg.png Serbia and Montenegro - Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png U.S.S.R. - Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany - Flag of Yugoslavia.svg.png Yugoslavia


Teams that do not participate in IIHF competitions:
Flag of Andorra.svg.png Andorra - Flag of Argentina.svg.png Argentina - Flag of Azerbaijan.svg.png Azerbaijan - Flag of Brazil.svg.png Brazil
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg.png Kyrgyzstan - Flag of Liechtenstein.svg.png Liechtenstein - Flag of Macedonia.svg.png North Macedonia - Flag of Moldova.svg.png Moldova - Flag of Morocco.svg.png Morocco - Flag of Oman.svg.png - Oman - Flag of Turkmenistan.svg.png - Turkmenistan
Flag of the Chile.svg.png Chile - Flag of India.svg.pngIndia - Flag of Jamaica.svg.png Jamaica - Flag of the Namibia.svg.png Namibia - Flag of Portugal.svg.png Portugal - Flag of the Philippines.svg.png Philippines - Flag of Qatar.svg.png - Qatar
Non IIHF members: Flag of Algeria.svg.png Algeria - Flag of Bahrain.svg.png Bahrain - Flag of Colombia.png Colombia - Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica - Flag of Falkland Islands.png Falkland Islands - Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg.png Saudi Arabia - Flag of Tunisia.svg.png Tunisia - Flag of Uzbekistan.svg.png Uzbekistan
Other teams: Flag of Basque Country.svg.png Basque Country - Flag of Catalonia.svg.png Catalonia - Flag of England.svg.png - England - Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.svg.png - Saint Pierre and Miquelon - Flag of Scotland.svg.png Scotland
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