|Nickname(s)||Team Canada French: (Équipe Canada)|
|Most games||Brad Schlegel (304)|
|Top scorer||Brad Schlegel|
|Most points||Cliff Ronning (156)|
|IIHF ranking||1 3|
|Highest IIHF ranking||1 (first in 2003)|
|Lowest IIHF ranking||5 (first in 2012)|
Canada 8–1 Switzerland |
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
Canada 47–0 Denmark |
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
Soviet Union 11–1 Canada |
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
|IIHF World Championships|
|Appearances||67 (first in 1920)|
|Best result||Gold (1920, 1924, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015)|
|Appearances||21 (first in 1920)|
|Medals||Bronze: 2 (1956, 1968)|
|International record (W–L–T)|
The Canadian national men's ice hockey team (popularly known as Team Canada) is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia. The nickname "Team Canada" was first used for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since.
Canada has been one of the leading national ice hockey teams in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most in the world), including three of the last four: Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are 25-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 World Cup of Hockey. Canada is a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Sweden and the United States.
From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics.
Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 World Championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.
Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team programme was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the World Championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.
In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988. Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.
After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2015. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games. At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.
Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988 and the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled. Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.
Led by general manager Jim Nill, head coach Todd McLellan, and the late addition of captain Sidney Crosby, Canada won the 2015 IIHF World Championship in dominating fashion over Russia, their first win at the worlds since 2007. By going undefeated, their hockey federation captured a 1 million Swiss franc bonus prize in the first year of its existence. Canada scored 66 goals in their 10 games and had the top three scorers of the tournament: Jason Spezza, Jordan Eberle and Taylor Hall. Tyler Seguin also led the championship with nine goals. The win secured Canada’s return to number one on the IIHF world rankings for the first time since 2010.
List of teams representing Canada from 1912 to 1963
|1912 World Championships||Oxford Canadians||Oxford, United Kingdom|
|1920 Summer Olympics||Winnipeg Falcons||Winnipeg, Manitoba|
|1924 Winter Olympics||Toronto Granites||Toronto, Ontario|
|1928 Winter Olympics||University of Toronto Grads||Toronto, Ontario|
|1930 World Championships||Toronto CCMs||Toronto|
|1931 World Championships||University of Manitoba||Winnipeg, Manitoba|
|1932 Winter Olympics||Winnipeg Hockey Club||Winnipeg, Manitoba|
|1933 World Championships||Toronto National Sea Fleas||Toronto, Ontario|
|1934 World Championships||Saskatoon Quakers||Saskatoon, Saskatchewan|
|1935 World Championships||Winnipeg Monarchs||Winnipeg, Manitoba|
|1936 Winter Olympics||Port Arthur Bearcats||Port Arthur, Ontario|
|1937 World Championships||Kimberley Dynamiters||Kimberley, British Columbia|
|1938 World Championships||Sudbury Wolves||Sudbury, Ontario|
|1939 World Championships||Trail Smoke Eaters||Trail, British Columbia|
|World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.|
|1947 World Championships||Did not participate|
|1948 Winter Olympics||Ottawa RCAF Flyers||RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario|
|1949 World Championships||Sudbury Wolves||Sudbury, Ontario|
|1950 World Championships||Edmonton Mercurys||Edmonton, Alberta|
|1951 World Championships||Lethbridge Maple Leafs||Lethbridge, Alberta|
|1952 Winter Olympics||Edmonton Mercurys||Edmonton, Alberta|
|1953 World Championships||Did not participate|
|1954 World Championships||East York Lyndhursts||East York, Ontario|
|1955 World Championships||Penticton Vees||Penticton, British Columbia|
|1956 Winter Olympics||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||Kitchener–Waterloo, Ontario|
|1957 World Championships||Did not participate|
|1958 World Championships||Whitby Dunlops||Whitby, Ontario|
|1959 World Championships||Belleville McFarlands||Belleville, Ontario|
|1960 Winter Olympics||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario|
|1961 World Championships||Trail Smoke Eaters||Trail, British Columbia|
|1962 World Championships||Galt Terriers||Galt, Ontario|
|1963 World Championships||Trail Smoke Eaters||Trail, British Columbia|
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. They have won a total of 15 Olympic medals.
|1920 Antwerp||Winnipeg Falcons||3||3||0||0||21||1|||
|1924 Chamonix||Toronto Granites||5||5||0||0||110||3|||
|1928 St. Moritz||University of Toronto Grads||3||3||0||0||38||0|||
|1932 Lake Placid||Winnipeg Hockey Club||6||5||0||1||32||4|||
|Port Arthur Bearcats||8||7||1||0||54||7|||
|1948 St. Moritz||Ottawa RCAF Flyers||8||7||0||1||69||5|||
|1952 Oslo||Edmonton Mercurys||8||7||0||1||71||14|||
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||8||6||2||0||53||12|||
|1960 Squaw Valley||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||7||6||1||0||55||15|||
|1980 Lake Placid||—||6||3||3||0||29||18||6th|||
|2002 Salt Lake City||—||6||4||1||1||22||14|
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. The 1920 Olympics were the first world championship. IIHF World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.
|1912||Brussels, Belgium||Silver (Oxford Canadians)|
|1928||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1930||Chamonix, France; Berlin, Germany; Vienna, Austria||Gold|
|1932||Lake Placid, US||Gold|
|1937||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|1939||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||Gold|
|World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.|
|1948||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1950||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|1955||Krefeld / Dortmund / Cologne, West Germany||Gold|
|1956||Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy||Bronze|
|1959||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||Gold|
|1960||Squaw Valley, US||Silver|
|1961||Geneva / Lausanne, Switzerland||Gold|
|1962||Colorado Springs / Denver, US||Silver|
|1963||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1964||Innsbruck, Austria||4th place|
|1965||Tampere, Finland||4th place|
|1969||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970–1976.|
|1977||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1979||Moscow, Soviet Union||4th place|
|1981||Gothenburg / Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1982||Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Bronze|
|1983||Düsseldorf / Dortmund / Munich, West Germany||Bronze|
|1986||Moscow, Soviet Union||Bronze|
|1987||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1989||Stockholm / Södertälje, Sweden||Silver|
|1990||Bern / Fribourg, Switzerland||4th place|
|1991||Turku / Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Silver|
|1992||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||8th place|
|1993||Dortmund / Munich, Germany||4th place|
|1994||Bolzano / Canazei / Milan, Italy||Gold|
|1995||Stockholm / Gävle, Sweden||Bronze|
|1997||Helsinki / Turku / Tampere, Finland||Gold|
|1998||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||6th place|
|1999||Oslo / Lillehammer / Hamar, Norway||4th place|
|2000||Saint Petersburg, Russia||4th place|
|2001||Cologne / Hanover / Nuremberg, Germany||5th place|
|2002||Gothenburg / Karlstad / Jönköping, Sweden||6th place|
|2003||Helsinki / Tampere / Turku, Finland||Gold|
|2004||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
|2005||Innsbruck / Vienna, Austria||Silver|
|2006||Riga, Latvia||4th place|
|2007||Moscow / Mytishchi, Russia||Gold|
|2008||Quebec City / Halifax, Canada||Silver|
|2009||Bern / Kloten, Switzerland||Silver|
|2010||Cologne / Mannheim / Gelsenkirchen, Germany||7th place|
|2011||Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia||5th place|
|2012||Helsinki, Finland / Stockholm, Sweden||5th place|
|2013||Stockholm, Sweden / Helsinki, Finland||5th place|
|2014||Minsk, Belarus||5th place|
|2015||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
World Cup of Hockey
In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the American Hockey League. Team Canada has won a total of 13 Spengler Cups, which is the second-most behind host team HC Davos, who has the tournament 15 times.
|Winner||1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015|
|Runners-up||1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010|
- Hockey Canada
- "NHL announces World Cup of Hockey for 2016". The Canadian Press. 2015-01-24. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/hockey/nhl/nhl-announces-world-cup-of-hockey-for-2016-1.2930670/. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Monsebraaten, Laurie. "Players in NHL are now eligible in the Olympics", Toronto Star, October 15, 1986.
- "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics", BBC Sport, February 28, 2010. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
- "Canada wins first hockey worlds gold since 2007". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/olympics/hockey/story/_/id/12903940/canada-routs-defending-champ-russia-win-hockey-worlds. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 41–52
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 53–66
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 67–78
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 79–88
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 89–100
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 101–112
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 113–124
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 137–146
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 147–158
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 159–172
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 173–182
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
- Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
- Elliott, Helene. "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey", Los Angeles Times, February 28, 2010. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4.
- Wallechinsky, David (2002). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics, 2002, New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-185-1.
- Meltzer, Bill NHL.com article on 2007 IIHF World Championship gold medal. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|